|Galantamine 8mg Extended-Release capsules, hard
Galantamine 16mg Extended-Release capsules, hard
Galantamine 24mg Extended-Release capsules, hard
WHAT GALANTAMINE ER CAPSULES IS AND WHAT IT IS USED FOR
Galantamine ER Capsules is an antidementia medicine used to treat the symptoms of mild to moderately severe dementia of the Alzheimer type, a disease that alters brain function.
The symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include increasing memory loss, confusion and behavioral changes. As a result, it becomes more and more difficult to carry out normal daily activities.
These symptoms are believed to be due to a lack of acetylcholine, a substance responsible for sending messages between brain cells. Galantamine ER Capsules increases the amount of acetylcholine in the brain and so could improve the symptoms of the disease.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW BEFORE YOU TAKE GALANTAMINE ER CAPSULES
Do not take Galantamine ER Capsules
• If you are allergic to galantamine or any of the other ingredients of this medicine .
• If you have severe liver and/or severe kidney disease
WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Galantamine ER Capsules .
Galantamine ER Capsules should be used in Alzheimer’s disease and not other forms of memory loss or confusion.
Medicines are not always suitable for everyone. Your doctor needs to know before you take
Galantamine ER Capsules if you suffer from or have suffered in the past from any of the following conditions:
• liver or kidney problems
• a heart disorder (e.g. angina, heart attack, heart failure, slow or irregular pulse)
• electrolyte disturbances (e.g. decreased/increased blood potassium levels)
• peptic (stomach) ulcer disease
• acute abdominal pain
• a disorder of the nervous system (like epilepsy or Parkinson’s disease)
• a respiratory disease or infection that interferes with breathing (like asthma,
obstructive pulmonary disease, or pneumonia)
• if you recently had an operation on the gut or bladder
• if you have difficulties passing urine
If you need an operation which requires a general anaesthetic, you should inform the doctor that you are taking Galantamine ER Capsules .
Your doctor will then decide whether treatment with Galantamine ER Capsules is suitable for you or if the dose needs to be changed.
Other medicines and Galantamine ER Capsules
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking, have recently taken or might take any other medicines.
Galantamine ER Capsules should not be used with medicines that work in a similar way, these include:
• donepezil or rivastigmine (for Alzheimer’s disease)
• ambenonium, neostigmine or pyridostigmine (for severe muscular weakness)
• pilocarpine (for dry mouth or dry eyes) if taken by mouth.
Some medicines can affect the way Galantamine ER Capsules works, or Galantamine ER Capsules itself can reduce the effectiveness of other medicines taken at the same time. These include:
• paroxetine or fluoxetine (antidepressants)
• quinidine (used for heart rhythm problems)
• ketoconazole (antifungal)
• erythromycin (antibiotic)
• ritonavir (antiviral – HIV protease inhibitor).
Your doctor may prescribe a smaller dose of Galantamine ER Capsules if you are also taking any of the medicines listed above.
Some medicines can increase the number of side effects caused by Galantamine ER Capsules , these include:
• non-steroidal anti-inflammatory painkillers (e.g. ibuprofen) which can increase the risk of ulcers
• medicines taken for heart disorders or high blood pressure (e.g. digoxin, amiodarone,
atropine, beta-blockers, or calcium channel blocking agents).
If you take medicines for an irregular heart-beat, your doctor may consider an electrocardiogram (ECG).
If you need an operation which requires a general anaesthetic, you should inform the doctor that you are taking Galantamine ER Capsules.
Your doctor will also check your weight regularly while you are taking Galantamine ER Capsules .
If you have any questions, speak to your doctor or pharmacist for advice.
Galantamine ER Capsules with food and drink
Galantamine ER Capsules should be taken with food if possible.
See section 3 of this leaflet for full details about how to take this medicine.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
If you are pregnant or breast-feeding, think you may be pregnant or are planning to have a baby, ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking this medicine.
You should not breastfeed while you are taking Galantamine ER Capsules.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Galantamine ER Capsules may cause dizziness or drowsiness, especially during the first few weeks of treatment. If you experience these symptoms, do not drive or use any tools or machinery.
HOW TO TAKE GALANTAMINE ER CAPSULES
Always take this medicine exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. Check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
Galantamine ER Capsules is started at a low dose. Your doctor may then tell you to slowly increase the dose of Galantamine ER Capsules that you take to find the most suitable dose for you.
1. The treatment is started with 8 mg taken once daily. After 4 weeks of treatment, the dose is increased.
2. You would then take 16 mg once daily. After another 4 weeks of treatment at the earliest, your doctor may decide to increase the dose again.
3. You would then take 24 mg once daily.
Your doctor will explain what dose to start with and when the dose should be increased.
Your doctor will need to see you regularly to check that this medicine is working for you and to discuss how you are feeling.
Liver or kidney disease
• If you have mild liver or kidney disease, treatment is started with 8 mg capsule once daily in the morning.
• If you have moderate liver or kidney disease, treatment is started with 8 mg capsule once every other day in the morning. After one week, begin taking 8 mg capsule once daily in the morning. Do not take more than 16 mg once daily.
• If you have severe liver and/or kidney disease, do not take Galantamine ER Capsules .
How do I switch from taking Galantamine immediate release tablets or oral solution to Galantamine prolonged release capsules
If you are currently taking Galantamine immediate release tablets or oral solution, your doctor may decide to switch you to Galantamine Extended-Release capsules.
• Take your last dose of Galantamine immediate release tablets or oral solution in the evening
• The next morning, take your first dose of Galantamine Extended-Release capsules.
DO NOT take more than one capsule in a day. While you are taking once-daily Galantamine ER Capsules , DO NOT take Galantamine immediate release tablets or oral solution.
Use in children
Galantamine ER Capsules is not recommended for children.
METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION
Galantamine ER Capsules should be swallowed whole, NOT chewed or crushed. Galantamine ER Capsules should be taken in the morning, with water or other liquids, and preferably with food. Drink plenty of liquids during your treatment with Galantamine ER Capsules, to keep yourself hydrated.
If you take more Galantamine ER Capsules than you should
If you take too much Galantamine ER Capsules, contact a doctor or hospital straight away. Take along any remaining capsules and the packaging with you. Signs or symptoms of overdose may include, among others: severe nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness, slow heart beat, seizures and loss of consciousness.
If you forget to take Galantamine ER Capsules
If you forget to take one dose, miss out the forgotten dose completely and take the next dose at the normal time.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
If you forget to take more than one dose, you should contact your doctor.
If you stop taking Galantamine ER Capsules
You should consult your doctor before you stop taking Galantamine ER Capsules . It is important to continue taking this medicine to treat your condition.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine ask your doctor or pharmacist.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, this medicine can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
Some of these effects may be due to the disease itself.
Stop taking your medicine and see a doctor immediately if you experience;
• Heart problems including changes in heart beat (slow or irregular)
• Palpitations (pounding heart beat)
• Conditions like blackout
• An allergic reaction. The signs may include a rash, swallowing or breathing problems, or swelling of your lips, face, throat or tongue
Side effects include:
Very common (may affect more than 1 in 10 people)
• Feeling sick and/or vomiting. If these undesired effects occur, they are mainly experienced early on in the treatment or when the dose is increased. They tend to disappear gradually as the body gets used to the treatment and generally will not last for more than a few days. If you have these effects, your doctor may recommend that you drink more liquids and, if necessary, may prescribe a medicine to stop you being sick.
Common (may affect up to 1 in 10 people)
• Weight loss
• Loss of appetite
• Decreased appetite
• Slow heart beat
• Feeling faint
• Abnormally tired
• Stomach pain or discomfort
• Increased sweating
Uncommon (may affect up to 1 in 100 people)
• Increased liver enzymes in the blood (laboratory test result that tells how well your liver is working)
• Possible skipped heart beat
• Disturbance in the mechanism of conducting impulses in the heart
• Sensation of abnormal heart beats (palpitations)
• Tingling, pricking, or numbness of the skin
• Change in the sense of taste
• Excessive sleepiness;
• Blurred vision
• Ringing or buzzing in the ears (tinnitus)
• Feeling the need to vomit
• Muscle weakness
Rare (may affect up to 1 in 1,000 people)
• Inflammation of the liver (hepatitis).
If you get any side effects, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This includes any possible side effects not listed in this leaflet.
HOW TO STORE GALANTAMINE ER CAPSULES
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the carton and blister foil after the letters EXP. The expiry date refers to the last day of that month.
This medicinal product does not require any special storage conditions.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to throw away medicines you no longer use. These measures will help protect the environment.
CONTENTS OF THE PACK AND OTHER INFORMATION
What Galantamine ER Capsules contains:
The active substance is galantamine.
• Each Galantamine 8 mg Extended-Release capsule, hard contains 8 mg galantamine (as hydrobromide)
• Each Galantamine 16 mg Extended-Release capsule, hard contains 16 mg galantamine (as hydrobromide)
• Each Galantamine 24 mg Extended-Release capsule, hard contains 24 mg galantamine (as hydrobromide)
The other ingredients are:
Cellulose microcrystalline, Hypromellose, Ethylcellulose, Magnesium stearate
8 mg: Gelatin, Titanium dioxide (E171)
16 mg: Gelatin, Titanium dioxide (E171), red iron oxide (E172).
24 mg: Gelatin, Titanium dioxide (E171). Indigo carmine (E 132), Erythrosin(E 127), Red Iron Oxide (E 172), Yellow iron oxide (E 172).
What Galantamine ER Capsules looks like and contents of the pack
Galantamine Extended-Release capsules, hard are available in three strengths, each of which can be recognised by its colour:
8mg: White capsules containing one round biconvex Extended-Release tablet
16mg: Pale pink capsules containing two round biconvex Extended-Release tablet
24mg: Orange capsules containing three round biconvex Extended-Release tablets
The capsules are made in a ‘Extended-Release’ form. This means that they release the medicine more slowly.
The capsules are available in the following blister packs:
8mg: 10, 28, 30, 56, 90, 100, 300 prolonged release capsules
16mg: 10, 28, 30, 84, 90, 100, 300 prolonged release capsules
24 mg: 10, 28, 30, 84, 90, 100, 300 prolonged release capsules
8mg: 7, 10, 14, 28, 30, 56, 60, 84, 119, 120, 300 Extended-Release capsules
16mg: 7, 10, 14, 28, 30, 56, 60, 84, 119, 120, 300 Extended-Release capsules
24 mg: 7, 10, 14, 28, 30, 56, 60, 84, 119, 120, 300 Extended-Release capsules
This leaflet was last revised in MARCH 2015.